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A Balanced Diet


You must have carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals salts and fibre in the correct proportions. If there is not enough protein, you will not be able to grow properly and you will not be able to repair yourself i.e. wounds will not heal properly. If you do not have enough energy containing foods you will feel very tired, you will not have enough energy. If you have too much energy containing foods you will become overweight. If you think that you are overweight you might try taking more exercise to “burn off” some of the excess food which you ate at you last meal.


A well-balanced diet provides the right vitamins, minerals and nutrients to keep the body and mind strong and healthy. Eating well can also aid in the prevention of a variety of diseases and health problems, as well as helping to maintain a healthy body weight, providing energy and promoting a general feeling of well-being.

The components of a balanced diet


A healthy balanced diet includes a balanced variety of healthy foods. The Food Pyramid is a place to look to know what food groups are healthy and provides suggestions on what a balanced diet includes. Some items to consider are:

 vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, Zinc, iron and selenium. According to Some Health Experts and Nutritionists, essential nutrients are critical for the production and maintenance of key germ fighting cells in the immune system, and a balanced diet also has a strong effect on vascular function, since the immune system is dependent on blood flow.

Heart Health




A healthy diet and lifestyle are the best weapons against cardiovascular disease.Unrefined whole grains, fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber and are also low in calories. Including plenty of these in the diet can help control both weight and blood pressure, both of which are risk factors for heart disease. Adding fish to your diet at least twice weekly is recommended by the American Heart Association as well. Oily fish, such as salmon and trout, contain omega-3 fatty acids, which can help lower the risk of developing coronary artery disease.

Energy



One of the most noticeable benefits of a balanced diet is energy. Keeping your body fueled with the right proportions of vitamins, minerals and nutrients can give you the energy you need to to make the most of your day. Healthy carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetable and legumes are slow to digest, keeping blood sugar and insulin levels on an even keel for a steady supply of energy throughout the day. Healthy proteins are also vital for energy levels, and can be added to the diet by eating lean meats, poultry and fish, as well as whole grains, tofu, beans and nuts.
Knowing what is best for you is preferable to working with a popular diet that is geared toward the general public. Proper knowledge about your own specific needs will help you know how to maintain overall balance.

  • Proteins (such as fresh fish, chicken, eggs, beans, or nuts) are involved in growth, repair and general maintenance of the body.
  • Carbohydrates (bread, pasta, cereal, fruits, sweets, chocolate, cake, biscuit etc) are usually the main energy source for the body.
  • Lipids or fats (butter and margarine, cheese, milk, olive oil, walnuts, eggs, fish, and beef etc) are a rich source of energy, key components of cell membranes and signaling molecules, and as myelin they insulate neurons (nerve cells).
  • Vitamins (fruits, vegetables, fish, meat, egg, grain, cereal etc) are important in a range of biochemical reactions.
  • Minerals (fruits, vegetables, meat, nut, water etc) are important in maintaining ionic balances and many biochemical reactions.
  • Water is crucial to life. Metabolic reactions occur in an aqueous environment and water acts as a solvent for other molecules to dissolve in.

An adequate diet is essential for health and education plays a key role in providing people with the knowledge of what constitutes a healthy diet, but as is so often the way with science, the information keeps changing. A lack of an adequate supply of any nutrient is known as malnutrition and leads to poor health.

What Are the Benefits of a Balanced Diet?

Weight Control




Since a balanced diet requires eating a wide variety of wholesome foods, such a diet often makes maintaining a healthy body weight a bit easier. To meet the body's nutritional needs, it is necessary to include a good supply of whole grains, vegetables and fruits in the diet, along with a smaller portions of dairy and meat products. Eating a healthy variety of these nutrient-dense foods every day leaves less room for those calorie-dense foods that tend to expand the waistline, such as processed foods and fatty or sugary snacks.

Immune System Health


A balanced diet is very important to the immune system, helping to ensure that the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients necessary to its efficient function are available. Even minimal deficiencies in certain nutrients can impair immune system function, such as vitamin A, B-